Free printable Elephant coloring pages (PDF), Elephant Eats mainly grasses, leaves, roots and tree bark. For this, he is almost 17 hours a day in search of food. Females live in groups of about ten animals, males usually live alone. For a short time, however, large communities of up to 70 animals can gather. Adult African elephants have no natural enemies. For the young animals, lions, hyenas or crocodiles rarely pose a threat. The biggest enemy of the African elephant is man. For centuries, the gray giants have been hunted for their tusks.